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To start, sunlight has many benefits. But, if we do not protect our skin from the sun’s harsh rays, sunlight can be detrimental. Particularly, children have very delicate skin that is more sensitive and can burn easily. Sun damage can cause skin cancer, and therefore it is critical to protect yourself against it. There are ways to heal sunburn.
Understanding sunlight and the skin
The two types of damaging ultraviolet rays in the sunlight exist. The article explains both below:
UVA rays penetrate deep into the skin and cause damage to the middle layer of the dermis. This layer contains the elastic tissues that help to keep the skin stretch. By damaging the layer, UVA triggers early aging and wrinkles as a result.
The top layer of skin called the epidermis. It absorbs UVB rays. Tanning causes mostly damage. In addition, overexposure to UVB rays may also cause burning.
Both rays are harmful and increase the chance of developing skin cancer. Melanin is the colored pigmentation in our skin. The body produces melanin to help protect the skin against the UV rays when exposed to sunlight. Thus, when exposed at longer periods of time, the skin gets darker. Melanin does not avert the harmful effects of UV rays on your body; it just prevents your skin from burning easily.
Don't suffer from sunburn
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Who is at risk from the sun?
Excessive exposure to the sun puts everybody at risk. In addition, some people are more at risk than others. For example, people with fair skin, red or ginger hair, blue eyes, and freckles are more at risk than dark-skinned people. Also, people with lighter skin tones have less melanin and are therefore at more risk of burning than those with darker skin. Hence, it is not to say that dark-skinned people cannot get sunburnt.
Outdoor workers, laborers, and people spending time outdoors who do not protect their skin by wearing appropriate gear and sunblocks are also at risk. In brief, sunbathers are not the only community of people at risk.
It is especially true:
- First, if you live in a country located close to the Equator.
- Secondly, if you live or work at a high altitude.
- Thirdly, if you are outside when the sun’s rays are the harshest.
What is sunburn?
Overexposure to the sun causes the skin to burn, known as sunburn. In fact, the skin becomes hot to touch, red and painful. Hence, after a few days the skin may peel off.
Best way to heal sunburn
- A cool bath
- Soothing creams
- After-sun lotions
- Pain killers
Importantly, seek medical advice if the burn is severe.