Hi! I'm Becky Yoza, APRN
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Influenza, Flu Symptoms and Treatment
What Is The Flu?
The flu is an illness caused by the influenza virus. It is important to note, other viruses can cause flu-like symptoms too. Most cases of the flu occur seasonally, usually an eight-week period in the winter. Three types of influenza viruses exist: A, B and C, with a different strain causing the seasonal outbreak each year. This article will discuss flu symptoms and treatment.
What Is Swine Flu?
What Are Flu Symptoms?
- Body aches
- Sore throat and dry cough
- In infants, there could be lethargy and drop in feeds. Also, difficulty in breathing and febrile convulsions with fever can happen as well.
How Do You Catch The Flu?
Serious Illnesses Similar To The Flu
- Stiffness in the neck. Especially if you have difficulty in bending your neck forward or backward.
- A headache that does not get better and instead keeps getting worse.
- Rash, especially if they are on the face and do not fade upon being pressed.
- Light sensitivity
- Frequent vomiting
- Coughing up blood or blood-tinged phlegm
- Chest pain
Worried You Might Have the Flu?
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- Take rest and stay at home to avoid spreading the virus.
- Take Paracetamol or Ibuprofen for fever and body aches.
- Drink lots of fluids.
- If needed, use throat lozenges, decongestant drops, and saline nasal drops.
There are antiviral medicines like Oseltamivir (Tamiflu®) and Zanamivir (Relenza®), for example. These can prevent complications and reduce the severity as well. It is unnecessary to take antiviral medicine. As they do not kill the virus but deter its growth. As a result, reducing the duration of the illness. Sometimes, as follows, one may get prescribed an antiviral. For example:
- It is flu season, and the community has had many cases of it.
- Admission into the hospital with the flu.
- If you have been in close contact or shared with a person who has the flu.
Do Antibiotics Treat The Flu?
What Are The Possible Complications Of The Flu?
- Recurring high fever
- A cough that keeps getting worse
- Rapid breathing
- Chest pain