Nausea and Vomiting Symptoms | Get Relief Now

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Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea and Vomiting SymptomsNausea is the feeling that you may be sick. For most, it leads to vomiting symptoms. To be specific, vomiting is the act of throwing up. If you experience nausea and vomiting symptoms for more than 48 hours, seek medical help. Additionally, seek medical help if you feel extremely weak. Furthermore, seek medical attention if you also see blood in your vomit. Also, if you experience unexplained weight loss or difficulty in swallowing, please seek medical help.

What you should tell your doctor

Tell your doctor exactly how long you have been experiencing nausea and vomiting. Furthermore, be sure to also mention any other symptoms that you may have been experiencing. Some other things that you should inform your doctor about are, for example:

  • How did nausea and vomiting start? Also, did it start suddenly or progress over time?
  • Do you feel anything specific caused the nausea and vomiting?
  • How long has nausea and vomiting lasted?
  • Is nausea or vomiting worse at specific times of the day?
  • Does nausea or vomiting get worse if you move your head?
  • Do you have a fever?
  • When you vomit, does it contain blood or bile?
  • Have you experienced weight loss recently?
  • Have you experienced abdominal pains or headaches?
  • How much alcohol do you drink in a day?
  • Are you pregnant? In addition, is it possible that you could be pregnant?
  • Have you started any new medications recently?

Overall, this information will help your doctor determine the cause of nausea and vomiting. Additionally, a physical abdomen and chest examination will also help determine the cause. Also, depending on your symptoms, you could be asked for a blood or urine test. You may also be referred to a specialist as well. Further, if you suspect a pregnancy, you will also need to take a pregnancy test.


What should you do if you develop nausea or experience vomiting?

  • Firstly, drink plenty of fluids. This is to replace the lost fluids in the body. As a result, you avoid dehydration. For instance, you could use rehydration drinks to help replace lost fluids.
  • Call 911 if the vomiting is severe. Likewise, call if you feel extremely weak. Also, seek medical help if you have severe abdominal pain as well.
  • Seek medical advice if the vomiting lasts for more than 48 hours.

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‘Red flag’ symptoms 

There are certain red flag symptoms that could state a serious underlying disease. Above all, if you experience any of these you must seek immediate medical attention. These red flag symptoms include, for instance:
  • Vomiting blood or bile
  • Weight loss
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • High fever, stiff neck, rash, and also an averseness to light
  • Increasing weakness or loss of consciousness
  • Continuous vomiting for more than 48 hours

Causes of nausea and vomiting

There could be many causes of nausea and vomiting. For example:
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Food poisoning
  • Excessive intake of alcohol
  • Pregnancy
  • Migraine
  • Problems with the inner ear
  • Motion sickness
  • Certain medications like chemotherapy
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Eating disorders
  • Stomach problems. For example, Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, stomach ulcers, and pyloric stenosis (in babies). Additionally, people with gastroparesis. It is also common in those who have had weight loss surgery as well.
  • Metabolic conditions including conditions such as poorly controlled diabetes and Addison’s disease. Hypercalcemia is also an example as well.
  • Other causes include, for example:
    • Appendicitis
    • Inflammation of the pancreas
    • Kidney stones
    • Gallstones
    • Blockage of the gut
    • Head injury and/or brain tumor
    • Liver disease
    • Kidney disease
Overall, ensure that you tell your doctor all your symptoms. Thus, allowing the doctor to make the correct diagnosis as a result.

Acute and persistent nausea and vomiting

Acute nausea and/or vomiting occurs when nausea and/or vomiting lasts between 24-48 hours. Additionally, it is severe in nature as well. Food poisoning or gastric infections usually cause this. But they are self-limiting, which means they stop by themselves. Thus, there is no required medical intervention. One does need to ensure adequate hydration.

Nausea or vomiting that lasts for more than 48 hours, however, is persistent nausea/vomiting. Also, sometimes the cause may be the same as that of acute nausea/vomiting. But, as the time elapses, some other underlying condition becomes more likely.


Problems caused by persistent nausea

Persistent nausea can be depressing. Thus, making a person feel sick and low all the time. 

Problems caused by persistent vomiting

  • Dehydration
  • Unbalance of electrolytes
  • Damage to the tooth enamel caused by stomach acid
  • Gastritis
  • Vomiting while unconscious. It can cause the vomit to enter the windpipe and, hence, lead to choking as a res

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