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Abdominal Bloating

Best Way To Relieve Bloating

The human gut produces gas during the digestion process of food. This gas collects in the stomach and intestines. As a result, it leads to abdominal bloating. But, some people are more sensitive to this gas. Thus, these people suffer from abdominal pain, heavy belching or farting. In addition, there are three primary causes for this condition. The first is due to a diet that produces more gas. Second is the swallowing of air while chewing food. Third is having bowel diseases or lifestyle issues. The best way to relieve bloating is through making changes to the diet. In addition, taking antacids and digestive aids helps relieve bloating. Take them after every meal.

Diagnosis

Bowels contain gas which is a result of the digestion process. Some of the air which enters the abdomen while chewing food or drinking is also present. Thus, large amounts of air are swallowed. This is when one eats fast or hurriedly gulps down a drink. Then, the air makes its way into the esophagus. Most of the air escapes when we burp after a meal. Finally, the air that is unable to pass through burps results in bloating. Additionally, this causes a hard and swollen belly. Swallowed air along with the gases released from digestion passes through the anus. The air and gas passes in the form of passing gas or farting.
 
Certain foods cause gas when eaten in large amounts. Foods such as broccoli, baked beans, and Brussels sprouts, for example. This gas is made of carbon dioxide, hydrogen, and methane. It also contains traces of sulfur, which gives a bad odor to the farts. Gases are also produced due to bacteria that live in our gut. The bacteria help in the digestion of food. Abdominal bloating can be very uncomfortable. The stomach feels tight due to gas formation. This can also cause cramps and pains in the abdomen.
 

Symptoms of Bloating

Excessive and repeated burping is a sign of gas-related bloating. Excessive and repeated farting is also a sign as well. Gas settles in the large intestine under the liver or spleen. As a result, it leads to cramps and pain. So, a bloated belly causes discomfort. However, it usually subsides on its own in a few hours.
 
People with other health problems make above average amounts of gas. Problems such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or gluten intolerance, for instance. IBS is a common condition. Signs include abdominal pain and changes in bowel habits. For instance, changes like constipation or diarrhea.
 

Causes

Causes Due to Food

Foods that cause excessive wind in the abdomen are, for example:
 
  • Broccoli & Brussels sprouts.
  • Starchy foods such as potatoes, corn, and noodles.
  • Foods that are high in soluble fiber such as grains, peas, radish beans, etc.
  • Dairy. Lactose intolerance is when the body has difficulty digesting lactose. Lactose is present in milk. This can cause diarrhea, tummy pains, and bloating.
  • Foods high in fructose can cause bloating. This includes foods such as dried fruit, honey, sucrose, onions, and artichokes. Sorbitol is another form of sugar. It is found in chewing gum and ‘sugar-free’ desserts. It can cause gas and give rise to bloating.
  • Side effects of Medicines: Excessive gas or bloating are side-effects of common medicines. Medicines such as metformin (for diabetes) and lactulose (laxative), for example. Take antacids along with medicines to aid digestion and reduce gas. Magnesium trisilicate is a common antacid, for instance.
  • Bloating is a symptom of diseases. Few diseases of the bowel like acute gastroenteritis are due to infection of the stomach. Similarly, few result in increased gas formation and bloating of the abdomen. Long term diseases cause abdominal bloating in the patients. Diseases such as Coeliac disease (gluten intolerance), for example. Additionally, inflammatory bowel diseases cause abdominal bloating. Inflammatory bowel diseases include ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, or inflamed gut, for instance.

Causes Due to Other Medical Conditions

Other medical conditions that cause bloating are:
 
  • Diverticulitis – infection of the large intestine.
  • Short bowel syndrome – a complication of bowel surgery.
  • Bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine. This occurs as a result of abdomen surgery, diabetes or diverticulosis. The treatment is usually with a course of antibiotics. Such as metronidazole.
  • Scleroderma or thickening of the internal organs and stomach lining. These lead to bloating, constipation and diarrhea.
  • Ovarian cancer can lead to abdominal pains. It can lead to bloating and loss of appetite as well.
  • Giardiasis is a diarrheal disease. It is due to parasites known as Giardia. A classic symptom of this infection is belching up bad smelling gas.

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Lab Tests

Most people with occasional abdominal bloating do not need any tests. But, if the pain is unbearable then consult your doctor. Furthermore, seek medical help if symptoms are re-occurring. Serious symptoms, for instance:
 
  • Persistent diarrhea with blood in the stools (feces)
  • High body temperature (fever)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia)
  • Weight loss and loss of appetite
The medical tests may include, for example:
 
  • A stool sample to check for traces of infection and blood. It also checks for high levels of fat, which causes poor digestion.
  • A test for lactose tolerance.
  • X-rays of your abdomen.
  • Endoscopy of your stomach using a tiny camera.
  • A blood test for coeliac disease and any other disease.

Best way to relieve bloating

There are ways to relieve bloating. One can try the tips mentioned below. These will help ease the condition of excessive flatulence and constant bloating.
 
Dietary changes:
 
  • Avoid foods that cause bloating at all costs. Even though allergy to foods can vary from one person to another. Certain food can cause bloating. Foods such as milk and dairy products, and certain fruits and vegetables. Whole grains, artificial sweeteners, and fizzy drinks can also cause bloating.
  • People who are lactose-intolerant should avoid milk. Those who are gluten intolerant should avoid wheat grains and starches.
  • Probiotics or live microorganisms aid in digestion. Thus, include them in a regular diet. They are gut-friendly bacteria which reduces bloating. Such as lactobacilli or bifidobacteria.
  • Include fiber-rich food in your diet. This may help prevent constipation and reduce bloating. Fiber-rich food such as linseed and oats.
Regular physical exercise:
 
  • Daily physical exercise is helpful to improve digestion. It also helps avoid bloating. For instance, walking and jogging are good routine physical exercises.
 

Medication

Medicine helps to relieve bloating. Over the counter medication (OCM) like Simeticone, may reduce bloating. This is usually in combination with a mild antacid. Both help ease the symptoms. Charcoal preparations are also helpful to absorb the gas and treat bloating. This is good for people suffering from occasional bouts of bloating. In addition, eating peppermint or aniseed after meals also helps.
 
Other helpful OCM include mebeverine and alverine. They ease the spasm and distention of the abdomen during bloating. Bismuth subsalicylate is another good medicine. It reduces the smell of gas passed through the anus.
 
The treatment of chronic diseases should only be under the supervision of a doctor. Chronic disease like irritable bowel syndrome.
 

Psychological therapies

Often, medicine and lifestyle changes do not help. As a result, consider consulting a psychologist. They can help you with psychological therapies. For example, therapies such as mindful awareness and cognitive behavioral therapy. These therapies are helpful for people that cannot control their diet. Also, it is helpful for those who do not exercise and suffer from abdominal bloating. Seeing a speech therapist can resolve taking in too much air while eating.

Learn the best way to relieve bloating

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