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Rosacea is a very common inflammatory condition of the skin. It causes flare-ups of areas on the face, usually the cheeks, for instance. Typically, the condition subsides in a few days. This skin condition often affects middle-aged people. However, there are rare cases in children. Additionally, women are more affected than men. Also, lighter-skinned people are more affected by rosacea than dark-skinned people. Rosacea skin condition is not contagious. Therefore, it does not spread easily from person to person.
People with rosacea get small red bumps on the face. They also get flushing in the face as well. Commonly affected areas are, for example, cheeks, nose, and forehead. But, it can also develop on the chest, neck, and ears as well. Also, if it affects the cornea of the eye, the condition can quickly become very serious. When it affects the eye, seed medical attention immediately.
Symptoms of rosacea include, for instance:
Flushed feeling in the face. Usually, this is the first symptom to occur. The onset is slow and may take years to progress.
Also, parts of the face take on a reddish tinge causing it to look like sunburn.
Your face may break into small cysts called pustules or small lumpy red spots called papules. In some cases, most go away on their own but may require treatment.
Telangiectasia is the condition when tiny blood vessels appear prominently on your face.
In about half the cases, symptoms related to the eye may present themselves. Such as a feeling of something in the eye and itchy or burning or stinging eyes. Dryness, light sensitivity, inflammation of the eyelid or cyst formation are eye related symptoms that may occur as well.
If the front of the eye gets inflamed, seek medical attention right away.
On rare occasions, skin becomes thickened in some places. An unsightly bumpy nose rarely occurs in men.
The affected areas include the skin on your cheeks, forehead and nose. The area around your mouth and chin are also affected areas as well. It is very rare for arms and legs to become affected.
In most cases, people do not experience pain or feel itchy. Sometimes, they may feel a mild burning sensation in the affected areas. Complications are rare. Even if the condition can look bad and stressful.
It is unclear what triggers this condition. Some suspected factors that cause rosacea are, for example,
- Inflammation caused by abnormal reactions of the immune system.
- The condition may be genetic and run in families.
- Abnormal or leaky blood vessels under the affected skin.
- Damage to the skin from excessive sun exposure.
- Usually, tiny mites that live harmlessly on our skin are found in large numbers on those with rosacea. The name of the mite is Demodex folliculorum.
- Similar symptoms to rosacea arise when people use steroid creams for a long period of time.
Diagnosis is straightforward. Most cases are based on visible symptoms. However, doctors may sometimes request a blood test as well. This is to rule out the presence of any other condition. It is also to determine if it is due to an underlying cause. An underlying cause such as systemic lupus erythematosu, for example.
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While there is no preventive measure or cure for the condition, some treatments can help you manage the symptoms. They can vary from person to person and is based on the severity of symptoms.
- Avoid excessive exposure to direct sunlight. Remember, always apply sunscreen to the face before stepping out in the sun. Furthermore, use one with SPF 30 or higher along with other protective gear as well. For example, one could wear a wide-rimmed hat.
- Avoid using steroid creams unless directed by your doctor.
- Choose a hypoallergenic moisturizing cream. Importantly, pick one without perfume. Also, pick a formula that is not greasy if you have very dry skin.
- Use an electric razor instead of a manual one with blades. This step seems to help men manage symptoms better. Also, it is best to avoid using substances and creams that may sensitize your facial skin as well.
Treatment for rosacea red face and broken capillaries
Furthermore, avoid using strong cleansers that contain acetone or alcohol. Similarly, avoid oil-based makeup as well. In fact, vendors often sell it under the garb of being waterproof. Additionally, avoid strong insect repellents and perfumed sunscreens. Conceal Erythema and telangiectasia using camouflage creams.
A laser with a particular wavelength destroys tiny blood vessels. These blood vessels are right under the skin. Yet, it does not cause damage to the nearby tissue. Some people have reported this to be effective in the removal of telangiectasia. Additionally, it improves erythema as well.
Treatment for rosacea spots and cysts
No proven bacteria triggers the onset of rosacea. Perhaps because some antibiotics work not only by killing the bacteria but also by bringing down the inflammation as well. If you only have a few small spots, you could treat it with a rub-on ointment called metronidazole.
It is important to finish the course of antibiotics as instructed by your doctor. For some, it may take 12 weeks of antibiotics to get rid of cysts and spots. The condition may reoccur. It is also important to manage treatment using precautions as well. Precautions such as applying the dose of the topical antibiotic cream periodically. Thus, one may need repeated courses of treatment if the condition is persistent and problematic.
Treatment for rosacea eye problems
Eye symptoms are rare. When they occur, they may not warrant any treatment.
- To start, make sure your eyes do not become excessively dry. Using artificial tears will help.
- A routine to ensure good eyelid hygiene will minimize chances of inflammation of the eye.
- Third, if the symptoms become problematic, doctors may prescribe a course of antibiotic medicines.
- Lastly, consult a specialist if your condition becomes severe or painful. Though rare, prescribed steroid drops may help treat the condition.
Treatment for rosacea nose
In rare cases, particularly among men, thickened skin around the nose can cause it to become big, unsightly, and bumpy. Rhinophyma is the name of this condition. In such conditions, surgical or laser treatment works well.